Today’s News Juice features the following articles:

​19 August 2016 🎤

1. 1.3 million pellets used in 32 days in J&K by CRPF (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II, Topic: Crowd Control Tactics)
2. US gives up Internet-naming powers in October (Relevant for GS Mains Paper III, Topic: Internet naming powers)
3.Evaluation of Bihar Liquor Prohibition Law (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II, Topic: Prohibition in Bihar)
4. Indians online to hit 730 million by 2020 (Relevant for GS mains Paper III, Topic: Internet Users)
⛳  News of the Day
US gives up Internet-naming powers in October (Relevant for GS Mains Paper III, Topic: Internet naming powers)
The US is set to cede power of the Internet’s naming system to a non-profit organisation based ICANN — the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers — a non-profit organization on October 1, ending the almost 20-year process to hand over a crucial part of the Internet’s governance.
The Domain Naming System, DNS, is one of the Internet’s most important components.
It pairs the easy-to-remember web addresses with their relevant servers. Without DNS, one would only be able to access websites by typing in its IP address, a series of numbers such as “194.66.82.10”.
Users of the web will not notice any difference because ICANN has essentially been doing the job for years.
*Objections to ceding power*

But it’s a move that has been fiercely criticised by some US politicians as opening the door to the likes of China and Russia to meddle with a system that has always been “protected” by the US.
The proposal may significantly increase the power of foreign governments over the Internet.
*About ICANN*

ICANN was created in 1998 to take over the task of assigning web addresses. Until that point, that job was handled by one man — Jon Postel. He was known to many as the “God of the Internet”, a nod to his power over the Internet.

Postel, who died not long after ICANN was created, was in charge of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Its administration was contracted to ICANN, but the US’ 
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